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The 14 Allergens by the FSA

Food Allergens Labelling Regulations 2014

Don't get caught out if you think your food stand at a Farmers Market is not affected - it IS!.

On 13 December 2014, new legislation (the EU Food Information for Consumers Regulation No. 1169/2011) came into force which requires food businesses to provide allergy information on food sold unpackaged. Guidance has been developed to help businesses meet these new requirements and this page will continue to be updated as more support tools are made available. More information about the new European legislation can be found on the European Commission website at the link provided.

The Food Information Regulations 2014 were laid in Parliament on 15 July 2014 and came into force on 15 August 2014. The Regulation SI 2014/1855 is available at www.­legislation.­gov.­uk/­uksi/­2014/­1855/­contents/­made

- See more at: http://­www.­food.­gov.­uk/­business-industry/­allergy-guide

We also recommend undertaking this FREE online Allergy Training by the FSA

The 14 allergens listed in Annex II (as amended by Commission Delegated Regulation No. 78/2014) are recognised across Europe as the most common ingredients or processing aids causing food allergies and intolerances.

If there is a food product which contains or uses an ingredient or processing aid (such as wheat flour used to roll out dough made from rye flour) derived from one of the substances or products listed in the Annex II, it must be declared, by the FBO to the consumer.

Check your ingredients labels before you buy and start making your own, or check with your local EHO and go through your ingredients with them.  Make sure you have some form of a poster on your stand highlighting the products which contain ANY of the 14 allergens as well as on any packaging.

The 14 Annex II allergens are:

  •  Cereals containing gluten namely wheat (such as spelt and Khorasan wheat), rye, barley, oats and their hybridised strains and products thereof, except:
    • wheat based glucose syrups including dextrose
    • b) wheat based maltodextrins
    • c) glucose syrups based on barley
    • d) cereals used for making alcoholic distillates including ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin
  • Crustaceans and products thereof (for example prawns, lobster, crabs and crayfish)
  • Egg and products thereof
  • Fish and products thereof, except:
    • fish gelatine used as carrier for vitamin or carotenoid preparations
    • fish gelatine or Isinglass used as a fining agent in beer and wine
  • Peanuts and products thereof
  • Soybeans and products thereof, except:
    • fully refined soybean oil and fat
    • natural mixed tocopherols (E306), natural D-alpha tocopherols, natural D-alpha tocopherol acetate and natural D-alpha tocopherol succinate from soybean sources
    • vegetable oils derived phytosterols and phytosterol esters from soybean sources
    • plant stanol ester produced from vegetable oil sterols from soybean sources
  • Milk and products thereof (including lactose), except:
    • whey used for making alcoholic distillates including ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin
    • lactitol
  • Nuts (namely almond, hazelnut, walnut, cashew, pecan nut, Brazil nut, pistachio nut and Macadamia nut (Queensland nut)) and products thereof except for nuts used for making alcoholic distillates including ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin
  • Celery and products thereof
  • Mustard and products thereof
  • Sesame seeds and products thereof
  • Sulphur dioxide and/ or sulphites at concentrations of more than 10mg/kg or 10mg/L (litre) in terms of the total SO2 which are to be 13 calculated for products as proposed ready for consumption or as reconstituted according to the instructions of the manufacturers
  • Lupin and products thereof
  • Molluscs and products thereof (for example mussels, clams, oysters, scallops, snails and squid)

The use of icons or symbols to indicate the presence of allergens is permitted as long as it is accompanied words and numbers to ensure uniform consumer understanding and to avoid misleading the consumer. Currently there is no single agreed set of icons or symbols across Europe for indicating the presence of allergens in prepacked and non-prepacked foods.